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Folded Steel(Feather Veins) Gilded Han Dynasty Chinese Sword

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Product Detail

Overall Length: 108 cm / 42.55 inch
Blade Length: 78 cm / 30.70 inch
Handle Length: 26 cm / 10.23 inch

Blade Material: Hand Folded Steel ( Damascus Steel ) Feather Veins

Saya Material: High Quality Ebony Wood

Handle Material: High Quality Ebony Wood

Craft: Hand Forged. Heat treatment, hardening, temper, anneal, quench, shaping, polishing etc

Polish & Sharpening:12 stages hand polished & sharpened

History Of Jian

Jian, a short thrusting weapon in ancient China, is normally constructed by two parts, Ren (blade) and Jing (tang). The protruding part in the middle of the blade is called Ji (ridge), the slope at both sides of ridge is cong, and the front pointed tip is Feng. The rounded knob at the end of tang is called pommel. In between blade and tang, there can be a Hushou (guard) to protect hands. Jian can be worn as well as hand carried.

Jian was originated at the end of Shang (16TH century - 18th century B.C.) and beginning of Zhou (11th century - 256 B.C.). During that time, jian was rather short and small, very similar to a dagger. It was mainly used for self-defense. However, it was seldom used in wars where chariot was widely involved.

In time of Spring and Autumn Period (770 - 476 B.C.), there were changes on the shape of bronze jian. The length was 28cm to 40cm longer. Till then, jian was highly valued by military strategists. As a result, it gradually emerged on the arena of wars. As jian was designed to thrust forward, it was not good for cutting. Jian was still not major weapon in chariot wars at that time.

Though with above facts, due to historical circumstances of Wu Yue region in southeast China, bronze jian became the major weapon of infantry in that area. The reason was the prevailing chariot war in central China was unable to take place in areas where there were rivers and lakes. To adapt into the situation, most formation of Wu Yue was infantry instead of chariot. And because jian was light, sharp and suitable for fighting at close quarters, it became the main short weapon of infantry. This situation resulted those techniques of casting jian in Wu Yue region was much advanced than countries in central China. After Wu Yue was perished by Chu, techniques were spread out in Chu. In time, Wu, Yue and Chu are regarded as "land of double-edged sword". Many beautiful legends and fairy-tales about jian are widely circulated and there are lots of legendary figures, among which Ou Ye Zhi, Feng Hu Zi, Gan Jiang and Mo Xie are most well-known.

One of the most treasured sword, Jian belonged to Gou Jian, King of Yue (), was unearthed in Hu Bei in 1965. Jian is 55.7cm in length, hilt is 8.4cm and blade is 4.6cm in width. Patter in diamond shape covers Jian. Both side of guard is mounted with blue glaze. On the blade near the guard, there are eight seal characters to remark the Jian only belonged to the King. This jian is well preserved and with very shape edge. Based on analysis, it is mainly made of tin bronze and a little lead and nickel. This Yue Wang Gou Jian Jian is considered as the state treasure of China.

During late Spring and Autumn period, iron jian started to emerge. However, it was still barely used in wars.

In Warring Period (475 - 221 B.C.), due to the declining usage of chariot and growing infantry, bronze jian was highly developed to equip the army. Technique of casting jian was much advanced. Jian with multi-layer and different level of lead content on ridge and edge began to produce. Blade of compounded jian with 10% lead appears in red and is not easily broken off. Edge with about 20% tin is fragile but hard, and extreme sharp. Some surfaces were treated with chromium and acid salt, some blades were carved with detailed patterns or birds and animal pictures. They could be decorated with gold gilt and gold inlay.In general, blade was made longer to between 80cm and 100cm. One example is bronze jians unearthed in Shan Xi, among which the shortest is 83.6cm and the longest 93.4cm (one of the longest bronze jians ever unearthed).

Along with the rising of smelting techniques, there was big development of iron jian during Warring Period. Blade is much longer than bronze jian procured previously or in the same period. Normal length is about 100cm, the longest is 140cm. Crafting is also highly advanced, some jian were well forged with solid pig iron by carburization to increase the hardness of the blade, and some water quenched to have sharper edges.

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